**A. 5%**

B. 10%

C. 15%

D. 20%

# Civil Engineering MCQs

## A VOM has a selling price of P 400. If its selling price is expected to decline at a rate of 10% per annum due to obsolescence, what will be its selling price after 5 years ?

A. P 222.67

B. P 212.90**C. P 236.20**

D. P 231.56

## A uniform series of payment occurring at equal interval of time is called ____________________?

**A. Annuity**

B. Amortization

C. Depreciation

D. Bond

## A young engineer borrowed P 10,000 at 12% interest and paid P 2,000 per annum for the last 4 years. What does he have to pay at the end of the fifth year in order to pay off his loan ?

A. P 6,999.39

B. P 6,292.93

C. P 6,222.39**D. P 6,922.93**

## By the condition of a will, the sum of P20,000 is left to a girl to be held in trust fund by her guardian until it amounts to P50,000. When will the girl receive the money if fund invested at 8% compounded quarterly ?

A. 11.23 years

B. 11.46 years**C. 11.57 years**

D. 11.87 years

## Duopsony is a market situation where there is/are______________?

A. Few sellers and few buyers

B. Few sellers and many buyers**C. Many sellers and few buyers**

D. One seller and few buyers

## Duopoly is a market situation where there is/are____________?

A. Few sellers and few buyers**B. Few sellers and many buyers**

C. Many sellers and few buyers

D. One seller and few buyers

## Capitalized cost of a project is also known as ____________________?

A. Infinite cost**B. Life cycle cost**

C. Life cost

D. Project cost

## A type of bond where the corporation pledges securities which it owns such as the stock or bonds of one of its subsidiaries ?

A. Mortgage bond

B. Joint bond

C. Security bond**D. Collateral trust bond**

## A type of bond to which are attached coupons indicating the interest due and the date when such interest is to be paid is called ____________________?

A. Registered bond**B. Coupon bond**

C. Mortgage bond

D. Collateral trust bond

## A P 1, 000, 6% bond pays dividend semiannually and will be redeemed at 110% on June 21, 204. It is bought on June 21, 2001 to yield 4% interest. Find the price of the bond ?

A. P 1,122.70**B. P 1,144.81**

C. P 1,133.78

D. P 1,155.06

## A P 1,000,000 issue of 3%, 15-year bond was sold at 95%. What is the rate of interest of this investment ?

**A. 3.0%**

B. 3.4%

C. 3.7%

D. 4.0%

## A person buys a piece of lot for P 100,000 downpayment and 10 deferred semi-annual payments of P 8,000 each, starting three years from now. What is the present value of the investment if the rate of interest is 12% compounded semi-annually ?

A. P 142,999.08

B. P 143,104.89

C. P 142,189.67**D. P 143,999.08**

## Aside from many sellers and many buyers, which one is a characteristic of perfect competition ?

A. Homogeneous product

B. Free market entry and exit

C. Perfect information and absence of all economic friction**D. All of the above**

## A telephone switchboard 100 pair cable can be made up with either enameled wire or tinned wire. There will be 400 soldered connections. The cost of soldering a connection on the enameled wire will be P 1.65 on the tinned wire, it will be P 1.15. A 100- pair cable made up with enameled wire cost P 0.55 per linear foot and those made up of tinned wire cost P 0.75 per linear foot. Determine the length of cable run in feet so that the cost of each installation would be the same ?

**A. 1,000 feet**

B. 1,040 feet

C. 1,100 feet

D. 1,120 feet

## A sum of P1,000 is invested now and left for eight years, at which time the principal is withdrawn. The interest has accrued is left for another eight years. If the effective annual interest rate is 5%, what will be the withdrawal amount at the end of the 16th year ?

A. P693.12

B. P700.12

C. P702.15**D. P705.42**

## A student plans to deposit P1,500 in the bank now and another P3,000 for the next 2 years. If he plans to withdraw P5,000 three years from after his last deposit for the purpose of buying shoes, what will be the amount of money left in the bank after one year of his withdrawal? Effective annual interest rate is 10% ?

**A. P1,549.64**

B. P1,459.64

C. P1,345.98

D. P1,945.64

## Engr. Trinidad loans from a loan firm an amount of P100,000 with a rate of simple interest of 20% but the interest was deducted from the loan at the time the money was borrowed. If at the end of one year, she has to pay the full amount of P100,000, what is the actual rate of interest ?

A. 23.5 %

B. 24.7 %**C. 25.0 %**

D. 25.8 %

## Miss Calledo deposited P 1,000, P 1,500 and P 2,000 at the end of the 2nd year, 3rd year and 4th year, respectively in a savings account which earned 10% per annum. How much is in the account at the end of the 4th year ?

A. P 4,880.00

B. P 4,820.00**C. P 4,860.00**

D. P 4,840.00

## Mr. Bacani borrowed money from the bank. He received from the bank P1,842 and promised to repay P2,000 at the end of 10 months. Determine the rate of simple interest?

A. 12.19 %

B. 12.03 %

C. 11.54 %**D. 10.29 %**

## Mr. Jun Ramos was granted a loan of P20,000 by his employer Excel First Review and Training Center, Inc. with an interest of 6% for 180 days on the principal collected in advance. The corporation would accept a promissory note for P20,000 non-interest for 180 days. If discounted at once, find the proceeds of the note?

**A. P18,000**

B. P18,900

C. P19,000

D. P19,100

## Perfect monopoly exists only if_______________?

**A. the single vendor can prevent the entry of all other vendors in the market**

B. the single vendor gets the absolute franchise of the product

C. the single vendor is the only one who has the permit to sell

D. the single vendor is the only one who has the knowledge of the product

## One banker’s year is equivalent to ________________ days?

A. 300**B. 360**

C. 365

D. 366

## Oligopoly exists when there is/are _______________?

A. Few sellers and few buyers

B. Few sellers and many buyers**C. Many sellers and few buyers**

D. One seller and few buyers

## Mandarin Bank advertises 9.5% account that yields 9.84% annually. Find how often the interest is compounded ?

A. Monthly

B. Bimonthly**C. Quarterly**

D. Annually

## A man invested P110,000 for 31 days. The net interest after deducting 20% withholding tax is P890.36. Find the rate of return annually?

A. 11.50 %**B. 11.75 %**

C. 11.95 %

D. 12.32 %

## If there is only one seller and many buyers, the market situation is ______________________?

A. Duopsony

B. Oligopoly

C. Oligopsony**D. Monopoly**

## If there are many sellers and few buyers, the market situation is ______________________?

A. Duopsony

B. Oligopoly**C. Oligopsony**

D. Monopoly

## How long will it take money to double itself if invested at 5% compounded annually ?

A. 13.7 years

B. 14.7 years**C. 14.2 years**

D. 15.3 years

## In computing depreciation of an equipment, which of the following represents the first cost ?

A. The original purchase price and freight charges

B. Installation expenses

C. Initial taxes and permit fees**D. All of the above**

## In what method of computing depreciation where it assumes that a sinking fund is established in which funds will accumulate for replacement purposes ?

A. Straight line method**B. Sinking fund method**

C. Sum-of-year digit method

D. Declining balance method

## In year zero, you invest P 10,000.00 in a 15% security for 5 years. During that time, the average annual inflation is 6%. How much in terms of year zero pesos will be in the account at maturity ?

**A. P 15,030.03**

B. P 20,113.57

C. P 18,289.05

D. P 16,892.34

## In what method of computing depreciation where it assumes that the loss in value is directly proportional to the age of the equipment or asset ?

**A. Straight line method**

B. Sinking fund method

C. Sum-of-year digit method

D. Declining balance method

## In what method of computing depreciation where it assumes that the annual cost of depreciation is a fixed percentage of the book value at the beginning of the year ?

A. Straight line method

B. Sinking fund method

C. Sum-of-year digit method**D. Declining balance method**

## An amount of P1,000 becomes P1,608.44 after 4 years compounded bimonthly. Find the nominal interest?

A. 11.89 %

B. 12.00 %

C. 12.08 %

D. 12.32 %

## Which one of the following residual biases involves the GPS accuracy ?

A. Satellite dependent biases due to uncertainty in the orbital parameters of the satellite

B. Receiver -dependent biases due to clock stability with line

C. Signal propagation biases due to the sphere and troposphere propagation**D. All the above**

## Which one of the following quantities forms the basis of radiometry ?

A. Radiant energy (Q)

B. Radiant flux (Φe )

C. Radiant intensity (I)**D. All of these**

## Which one of the following statement is incorrect regarding the electromagnetic radiation ?

A. These are produced by the motion of electric charge

B. The oscillation of charged particles sets up changing electric fields

C. The changing electric fields induce the changing magnetic fields in the surrounding medium**D. None of these**

## Which one of the following statements is correct regarding the GPS satellites ?

A. The nominal altitude is about 20,200 km

B. The inclination of axis satellite is 55°

C. The satellite transmits two L band signals (L1 with 1575.42 MHz and L2 with 1276.6 MHz)**D. All of these**

## While propagating through homogeneous, isotropic media_________________?

A. Directions of both the fields are orthogonal

B. Both the fields are at right angles to the direction of propagation**C. Both A. and B.**

D. Neither A. nor B.

## Which on speed C. of the electromagnetic wave is correct ?

A. C = v

B. C = /v**C. C = v**

D. C = 1/

## Which one of the following statements regarding remote sensing is correct ?

A. The interaction of the electromagnetic radiation with the target

B. The emission of electromagnetic radiation from the target**C. Both A. and B.**

D. Neither A. nor B.

## Which one of the following parameters is considered to determine the reflectance of a vegetation canopy ?

A. Solar zenith angle

B. Azimuth angle

C. Look angle**D. All of these**

## Which one of the following parameters is accurate for DGPS ?

**A. Positional accuracies ~ 1 – 2 m if rover is less than 1-2 km from the reference station**

B. Positional accuracies ~ 2 – 5m if rover is less than 2-5 fm from the reference station

C. Positional accuracies ~ 5 – 10 m if rover is less than 5-10 km from reference station

D. Positional accuracies ~ 5 – 10 m if rover is less than 25 km

## The various stages occuring in GPS system are described below ?

**1. Generation of an output to the user 2. Detection of the GPS signals 3. Processing the data in the built-in-computer 4. Decoding the GPS signal**

## The value of energy quantum for radiation of any frequency is proportional to________________?

**A. The frequency**

B. The reciprocal of the energy

C. The square of the frequency

D. The square root of the frequency

## Which one of the following attributes is not associated with digital maps_______________?

A. Colour

B. Symbology

C. Legends**D. South arrow**

## Which one of the following errors is produced by platform characteristics of the sensor ?

A. Altitude variation

B. Altitude

C. Orbit drift**D. All of these**

## Which one of the following geometric errors of satellite sensors is random ?

A. Scan skew

B. Panoramic distortion

C. Earth rotation**D. Altitude variation**

## Which one of the following frequency regions is a part of sun’s radiation ?

A. Ultraviolet frequency region

B. Infrared frequency region

C. Radio frequency region**D. All of these**

## Which one of the following factors does not affect the scale of the air photographs ?

A. Focal length

B. Flying height

C. Ground elevation**D. None of these**

## Who coined the term, ‘Remote sensing_______________?

**A. Evelyn L. Pruitt, a geographer**

B. Gaspard Felix Tournachon, a French scientist

C. Wilbur Wright, an Italian scientist

D. None of these

## A _____________ is a market situation where economies of scale are so significant that cost are only minimized when the entire output of an industry is supplied by a single producer so that the supply costs are lower under monopoly that under perfect competition ?

A. Perfect monopoly

B. Bilateral monopoly**C. Natural monopoly**

D. Ordinary monopoly

## A loan of P5,000 is made for a period of 15 months, at a simple interest rate of 15%, what future amount is due at the end of the loan period ?

**A. 5,937.50**

B. 5,873.20

C. 5,712.40

D. 5,690.12

## A loan for P50,000 is to be paid in 3 years at the amount of P65,000. What is the effective rate of money ?

A. 9.01 %**B. 9.14 %**

C. 9.31 %

D. 9.41 %

## A machine costs of P 8,000 and an estimated life of 10 years with a salvage value of P 500. What is its book value after 8 years using straight line method ?

**A. P 2,000.00**

B. P 2,100.00

C. P 2,200.00

D. P 2,300.00

## A man loans P 187,400 from a bank with interest at 5% compounded annually. He agrees to pay his obligations by paying 8 equal annual payments, the first being due at the end of 10 years. Find the annual payments ?

A. P 43,600.10

B. P 43,489.47

C. P 43,263.91**D. P 43,763.20**

## A mathematical expression also known as the present value of annuity of one is called ____________________?

A. Load factor

B. Demand factor

C. Sinking fund factor**D. Present worth factor**

## A manufacturing firm maintains one product assembly line to produce signal generators. Weekly demand for the generators is 35 units. The line operates for 7 hours per day, 5 days per week. What is the maximum production time per unit in hours required of the line to meet the demand ?

**A. 1.0 hour per unit**

B. 1.2 hours per unit

C. 1.4 hours per unit

D. 1.6 hours per unit

## A manufacturer produces certain items at a labor cost of P 115 each, material cost of P 76 each and variable cost of P 2.32 each. If the item has a unit price of P 600, how many units must be manufactured each month for the manufacturer to break even if the monthly overhead is P428,000 _________________?

A. 1,033

B. 1,037

C. 1,043**D. 1,053**

## A bond without any security behind them except a promise to pay by the issuing corporation is called __________________?

A. Joint bond**B. Debenture bond**

C. Trust bond

D. Common bond

## ABC Corporation makes it a policy that for any new equipment purchased, the annual depreciation cost should not exceed 20% of the first cost at any time with no salvage value. Determine the length of service life necessary if the depreciation used is the SYD method ?

A. 7 eyars

B. 8 years**C. 9 years**

D. 10 years

## A factory operator bought a diesel generator set for P 10,000.00 and agreed to pay the dealer uniform sum at the end of each year for 5 years at 8% interest compounded annually, that the final payment will cancel the debt for principal and interest. What is the annual payment ?

A. P 2,500.57

B. P 2,544.45

C. P 2,540.56**D. P 2,504.57**

## A form of business organization in which a person conducts his business alone and entirely for his own profit, being solely responsible for all its activities and liabilities ?

**A. Sole proprietorship**

B. Entrepreneurship

C. Partnership

D. Corporation

## A firm borrows P2,000 for 6 years at 8%. At the end of 6 years, it renews the loan for the amount due plus P2,000 more for 2 years at 8%. What is the lump sum due ?

**A. P 3,260.34**

B. P 3,280.34

C. P 3,270.34

D. P 3,250.34

## A feasibility study shows that a fixed capital investment of P10,000,000 is required for a proposed construction firm and an estimated working capital of P2,000,000. Annual depreciation is estimated to be10% of the fixed capital investment. Determine the rate of return on the total investment if the annual profit is P3,500,000?

A. 28.33 %**B. 29.17 %**

C. 30.12 %

D. 30.78 %

## Salvage value is sometimes known as _____________________?

A. Scrap value

B. Going value

C. Junk value**D. Second-hand value**

## Shell Philippines, a multinational company, has a total gross income for a particular year of P 50,000,000. The taxable income after taking all deductions except for depletion is P 18,500,000. What is the allowable depletion allowance for that particular year? Take percentage of gross income for oil as 22%?

A. P 9,358.41

B. P 9,228.45**C. P 9,250.00**

D. P 9,308.45

## What is the present worth of a year annuity paying P 3,000.00 at the end of each year, with interest at 8% compounded annually ?

A. P 7,654.04**B. P 7,731.29**

C. P 7,420.89

D. P 7,590.12

## What is the present worth of a P500 annuity starting at the end of the third year and continuing to the end of the fourth year, if the annual interest rate is 10 % ?

A. P 727.17**B. P 717.17**

C. P 714.71

D. P 731.17

## What is the present worth of two P 100 payments at the end of the third year and fourth year? The annual interest rate is 8%?

A. P 150.56**B. P 152.88**

C. P 153.89

D. P 151.09

## What is the term for an annuity with a fixed time span ?

A. Ordinary annuity

B. Perpetuity**C. Annuity certain**

D. Annuity due

## What is the type of annuity where the payments are made at the beginning of the each period starting from the first period ?

A. Ordinary annuity

B. Perpetuity**C. Annuity due**

D. Deferred annuity

## What is the type of annuity where the first payment does not begin until some later date in the cash flow ?

A. Ordinary annuity

B. Perpetuity

C. Annuity due**D. Deferred annuity**

## What is the type of annuity that does not have a fixed time span but continues indefinitely or forever ?

A. Ordinary annuity**B. Perpetuity**

C. Annuity due

D. Deferred annuity

## What is the ordinary interest on P1,500.50 for 182 days at 5.2% ?

A. P39.01

B. P39.82**C. P39.45**

D. P39.99

## What is the opposite of perfect competition ?

A. Monopsony

B. Oligopoly

C. Oligopsony**D. Monopoly**

## What is the effective rate corresponding to 18% compounded daily? Take 1 year is equal to 360 days______________?

A. 19.61 %

B. 19.44 %

C. 19.31 %**D. 19.72 %**

## What is normally used to compare alternatives that accomplish the same purpose but have unequal lives ?

A. Capitalized cost method

B. Present worth method**C. Annual cost method**

D. MARR

## What is the factor name of the formula (1+i)^-n ?

A. Uniform gradient future worth

B. Capital recovery**C. Single payment present worth**

D. Single payment compound amount

## What is the factor name of the formula [i(1+i)^n]/[((1+i)^n)-1] ?

A. Uniform series sinking fund**B. Capital recovery**

C. Single payment present worth

D. Uniform gradient future worth

## What is the market situation exist when there are many buyers and many sellers ?

**A. Perfect competition**

B. Oligopoly

C. Oligopsony

D. Monopoly

## What is the main reason why the sinking fund method of computing depreciation is seldom used in the industry ?

A. Unstable economy

B. Rate of interest cannot be exactly determined

C. The initial deprecation is high**D. The initial depreciation is low**

## What is the feature of some bonds whereby the issuer can redeem it before it matures ?

A. Return clause**B. Callability**

C. Recall clause

D. Call class

## What is the type of annuity where the payments are made at the end of each period starting from the first period ?

**A. Ordinary annuity**

B. Perpetuity

C. Annuity due

D. Deferred annuity

## What market situation exists where there are few sellers and few buyers ?

A. Oligopoly

B. Oligopsony

C. Bilateral oligopoly**D. Bilateral Oligopsony**

## What refers to the goods and services that are required to support human life, needs and activities ?

A. Producer products

B. Consumer products

C. Luxury**D. Necessity**

## What refers to the goods and services that are desired by human and will be acquired only after all the needs have been satisfied ?

A. Producer products

B. Consumer products

C. Luxury**D. Necessity**

## What refers to the market situation in which any given product is supplied by a very large number of vendors and there is no restriction against additional vendors from entering the market ?

**A. Perfect competition**

B. Oligopoly

C. Oligopsony

D. Monopoly

## What refers to the need, want or desire for a product backed by the money to purchase it ?

A. Supply**B. Demand**

C. Product

D. Good

## What refers to the present worth of the probable future net earnings ?

A. Total fair value

B. Total market value

C. Going concern value**D. Earning value**

## What refers to the present worth of cost associated with an asset for an infinite period of time ?

A. Annual cost

B. Increment cost**C. Capitalized cost**

D. Operating cost